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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

A Novel Pinkish-White Flower Color Variant Is Caused by a New Allele of Flower Color Gene W1 in Wild Soybean (Glycine soja)

Sundaramoorthy, Jagadeesh; Park, Gyu-Tae; Jo, Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Dong; Seo, Hak-Soo; Song, Jong-Tae


The enzyme flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H) plays an important role in producing anthocyanin pigments in soybean. Loss of function of the W1 locus encoding F3'5'H always produces white flowers. However, few color variations have been reported in wild soybean. In the present study, we isolated a new color variant of wild soybean accession (IT261811) with pinkish-white flowers. We found that the flower's pinkish-white color is caused by w1-s3, a single recessive allele of W1. The SNP detected in the mutant caused amino acid substitution (A(304)S) in a highly conserved SRS4 domain of F3'5'H proteins. On the basis of the results of the protein variation effect analyzer (PROVEAN) tool, we suggest that this mutation may lead to hypofunctional F3'5'H activity rather than non-functional activity, which thereby results in its pinkish-white color.


flavonoid 3 ',5 '-hydroxylase; Glycine soja; pinkish-white flower; soybean; W1 locus

Published in

2021, Volume: 11, number: 5, article number: 1001
Publisher: MDPI

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

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