Rahimi Jahangirlou, Maryam
- Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
- University of Tehran
Jahangirlou, Maryam Rahimi; Akbari, Gholam Abbas; Alahdadi, Iraj; Soufizadeh, Saeid; Parsons, David
Maize grain is an important source of human and animal feed, and its quality can be affected by management practices and climatic conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the concentration and composition of starch, protein and oil in grain of maize cultivars in response to different planting dates (20 June and 21 July), irrigation (12-day and 6-day intervals) and nitrogen rates (0 and 184 kg N ha(-1)). The first two principal components (PCs) accounted for 84.5% of the total variation. High N fertilization increased protein (by 6.0 and 10.9 g kg(-1)) and total nonessential amino acids (by 3.4 and 2.4 g kg(-1)) during 2018 and 2019, respectively. With the high irrigation rate, the high N rate increased oil, total unsaturated fatty acids, and starch and amylopectin, whereas with the low irrigation rate, there was no effect of the N rate. With earlier planting, total saturated fatty acids were higher. The findings highlight the complicated relationship between the different factors and how they affect quality characteristics of maize grain. There was a large impact of year, which to a great extent cannot be controlled, even in this environment where water supply was controlled and rainfall did not affect the results.
amino acids; fatty acids; oil; protein; starch; Zea mays L
2021, Volume: 11, number: 1, article number: 11