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Research article2021Peer reviewedOpen access

From preferences to concerted policy on mandated share for renewable energy in transport

Kulisic, Biljana; Dimitriou, Ioannis; Mola-Yudego, Blas


Environmental, energy, transport and agriculture policies are intersecting when deciding on renewable energy in transport (RES-T) implementation strategies. The uncertainty related to the advanced biofuels, limitations and underperformance of readily available technologies for decarbonization of transport sector challenges RES-T policy making. This paper employs partitioning as a choice architecture tool to create a concerted RES-T policy. The approach collects the preferred attributes of an alternative fuel rather than the preferred fuel by guiding stakeholders through RES-T policy, ensuring that all aspects of concerted policy are covered. Fuzzy analytical hierarchical process (fAHP) has been superimposed on the partitioning related to the biofuels to mathematically weight the alternatives. fAHP ranks the weighted preferences on biofuels to build a consensus among stakeholder groups, later translated to the actual RES-T mix, quantities and investments needed to meet the mandated share. Applied on Croatia, the preferences of three stakeholder groups were weighted and ranked; whereas some discrepancies were identified, the consensus outlined the national transport decarbonization policy with related investments. When the consensual RES-T mix contrasted with the least-cost alternative, the investment needed was reduced to a quarter. The collaborative management process proved to be a time-effective participatory approach for a silo-based policy structure.


Biofuels; Concerted policy; Mandated share; Decarbonization; Transport

Published in

Energy Policy
2021, Volume: 155, article number: 112355

      SLU Authors

      Sustainable Development Goals

      SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Energy Systems

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