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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Live and Wet Markets: Food Access versus the Risk of Disease Emergence

Naguib, Mahmoud M.; Li, Ruiyun; Ling, Jiaxin; Grace, Delia; Hung Nguyen-Viet; Lindahl, Johanna F.


Emerging zoonotic diseases exert a significant burden on human health and have considerable socioeconomic impact worldwide. In Asia, live animals as well as animal products are commonly sold in informal markets. The interaction of humans, live domestic animals for sale, food products, and wild and scavenging animals, creates a risk for emerging infectious diseases. Such markets have been in the spotlight as sources of zoonotic viruses, for example, avian influenza viruses and coronaviruses, Here, we bring data together on the global impact of live and wet markets on the emergence of zoonotic diseases. We discuss how benefits can be maximized and risks minimized and conclude that current regulations should be implemented or revised, to mitigate the risk of new diseases emerging in the future.

Published in

Trends in Microbiology
2021, volume: 29, number: 7, pages: 573-581

Authors' information

Naguib, Mahmoud M.
Agricultural Research Center - Egypt
Li, Ruiyun
Imperial College London
Ling, Jiaxin
Uppsala University
Grace, Delia
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Hung, Nguyen-Viet
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Uppsala University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Publication Identifiers


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