Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2010

Metal intracellular partitioning as a detoxification mechanism for mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus) living in metal-polluted salt marshes

Goto, Daisuke; Wallace, William G.


Intracellular partitioning of trace metals is critical to metal detoxification in aquatic organisms. In the present study, we assessed metal (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) handling capacities of mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus) in metal-polluted salt marshes in New York, USA by examining metal intracellular partitioning. Despite the lack of differences in the whole body burdens, partitioning patterns of metals in intracellular components (heat-stable proteins, heat-denaturable proteins, organelles, and metal-rich granules) revealed clear differential metal handling capacities among the populations of mummichogs. In general, mummichogs living in metal-polluted sites stored a large amount of metals in detoxifying cellular components, particularly metal-rich granules (MRG). Moreover, only metals associated with MRG were consistently correlated with variations in the whole body burdens. These findings suggest that metal detoxification through intracellular partitioning, particularly the sequestration to MRG, may have important implications for metal tolerance of mummichogs living in chronically metal-polluted habitats. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Metals; Forage fish; Salt marshes; Metal detoxification; Metal intracellular partitioning; Metal-rich granules; Fundulus heteroclitus; New York, USA

Published in

Marine Environmental Research
2010, volume: 69, number: 3, pages: 163-171

Authors' information

Goto, Daisuke
The Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York (Graduate Center, CUNY)
Wallace, William G.
College of Staten Island (CUNY)

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)