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Research article2021Peer reviewedOpen access

Reduction of the Adverse Impacts of Fungal Mycotoxin on Proximate Composition of Feed and Growth Performance in Broilers by Combined Adsorbents

Mgbeahuruike, Anthony Christian; Ejiofor, Toochukwu Eleazar; Ashang, Michael Ushie; Ojiako, Chiamaka; Obasi, Christian C.; Ezema, Chuka; Okoroafor, Obianuju; Mwanza, Mulunda; Karlsson, Magnus; Chah, Kennedy F.


Synergistic interaction of adsorbents in reducing the adverse impacts of mycotoxin on performance and proximate composition of broiler feeds was investigated. Fungal growth was induced by sprinkling water on the feed. S. cerevisiae + bentonite, kaolin + bentonite or S. cerevisiea + kaolin adsorbent combinations (1.5 g/kg feed) were added and the feeds were stored in black polythene bags. An untreated group was kept as a positive control while fresh uncontaminated feed was used as a negative control. Mycotoxins were extracted from the feeds and quantified using reverse phase HPLC. Proximate composition, nutrient digestibility of the feeds, feed intake and weight gain of the broilers were measured. Deoxynivalenol (DON) concentration in the contaminated/untreated feed was 347 mu g/kg while aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was 34 mu g/kg. Addition of bentonite and kaolin in the contaminated feed reduced AFB1 and DON to significantly lower levels. Feed intake and weight gain were low in the broilers fed the contaminated feed. The carbohydrate level was significantly (p < 0.05) reduced from 62.31 to 40.10%, crude protein digestibility dropped from 80.67 to 49.03% in the fresh feed and contaminated feed respectively. Addition of the adsorbents (S. cerevisiae and bentonite) significantly (p < 0.05) improved these parameters.


adsorbents; broilers; fungi; proximate composition; nutrient digestibility; mycotoxins

Published in

2021, Volume: 13, number: 6, article number: 430
Publisher: MDPI