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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Characterization of oilseed crop noug (Guizotia abyssinica) using agro-morphological traits

Gebeyehu Demissie, Adane; Hammenhag, Cecilia; Ortiz, Rodomiro; Tesfaye, Kassahun; Geleta, Mulatu Dida;

Abstract

Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) is an outcrossing oilseed crop that serves as a source of edible oil and other nutrients although its seed yield is generally low. The analysis of agro-morphological traits in relation to seed and oil yields is important for improving the productivity of this crop. The present study aimed at assessing the variation and heritability of quantitative (10) and qualitative (6) traits in noug based on 60 landrace accessions collected from wide geographic area in Ethiopia. The field trial was conducted at two sites in Ethiopia using a square lattice design. The analysis of variance revealed significant variation (p < 0.05) among these accessions. The highest broad-sense heritability (H-2) was recorded for days to 10% flowering (DTF10; 85.4%), whereas number of capitula per plant (NCPP) and number of seeds per capitulum (NSPC) showed medium heritability (H-2 = 38.5% and 31.6%, respectively). NCPP and NSPC showed a highly significant (p < 0.01) positive and negative genotypic correlation with days to flowering, respectively. These three traits showed very low genotypic coefficient of variation (<1%). In the case of qualitative traits, small capitulum, large flower, green leaf, green stem and course leaf margin showed significant association with higher number of seeds per plant (NSPP). Euclidean distance-based cluster analysis revealed that the clustering pattern of the accessions poorly correlates with the geographic distance between sample collecting sites. Similarly, no clear clustering pattern of accessions was revealed by principal component analysis (PCA) that explained 66.3% and 53.6% of the total variation of quantitative traits and qualitative traits, respectively. The oil content of these accessions was previously investigated and accessions with high oil content show large differences in terms of days to flowering, NSPP and thousand seed weight (TSW). Among the accessions included in this research, Hr_B21; Gj_C17, Sh_14 and Gr_F15 Gj_G18 and Tg-R13 are top ranking, as they have at least one the following highly desirable traits: early maturity, high oil content, NSPP and TSW. Hence, crossbreeding of their selected genotypes would lead to the development of new cultivars that combine early maturity and both high seed and oil yields.

Keywords

cluster analysis; Guizotia abyssinica; heritability; qualitative traits; quantitative traits; seed yield

Published in

Agronomy

2021, volume: 11, number: 8, article number: 1479

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Ethiopian Biotechnology Institute
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Ortiz, Rodomiro (Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Tesfaye, Kassahun
Ethiopian Biotechnology Institute
Geleta, Mulatu Dida (Dida, Mulatu Geleta)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger

UKÄ Subject classification

Genetics and Breeding
Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081479

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/112820