Skip to main content
Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Triple bottom-line consideration of sustainable plant disease management: From economic, sociological and ecological perspectives

Dun-chun, H. E.; Burdon, Jeremy J.; Lian-hui, X. I. E.; Zhan, Jiasui;


Plant disease management plays an important role in achieving the sustainable development goals of the United Nations (UN) such as food security, human health, socio-economic improvement, resource conservation and ecological resilience. However, technologies available are often limited due to different interests between producers and society and lacks of proper understanding of economic thresholds and the complex interactions among ecology, productivity and profitability. A comprehensive synergy and conflict evaluation of economic, sociological and ecological effects with technologies, productions and evolutionary principles as main components should be used to guide sustainable disease management that aims to mitigate crop and economic losses in the short term while maintaining functional farm ecosystem in the long term. Consequently, there should be an increased emphasis on technology development, public education and information exchange among governments, researchers, producers and consumers to broaden the options for disease management in the future.


plant disease management; agricultural sustainability; disease economics; food security; resource conservation

Published in

Journal of Integrative Agriculture

2021, volume: 20, number: 10, pages: 2581-2591

Authors' information

He, Dun-Chun
Fujian Jiangxia University
Burdon, Jeremy J
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
Xie, Lian-Hui
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger
SDG8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

UKÄ Subject classification

Agricultural Science
Economic Geography
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)