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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Communication Among Harvesters Leads to Sustainable Fishing Behaviour in a Continuous Time Common Pool resource Experiment

Owusu, Kwabena A.; Kulesz, Micaela; Merico, Agostino

Abstract

The sustainable use of common pool resources (CPRs) such as fisheries constitutes a major challenge for society. A large body of empirical studies conducted in discrete time indicates that resource users are able to prevent the ‘tragedy of the commons' under institutional arrangements that can promote cooperation. However, the variability exhibited by the human behaviour and the dynamic nature of renewable resources require continuous time experiments to fully explain the mechanisms underpinning the sustainable use of resources. We conducted CPR experiments in continuous time to investigate how the extraction behaviour of resource users changes in real-time in response to changes in resource availability under communication and no communication. We find that when communication is allowed, users adjust their extraction efforts based on knowledge of previous resource availability. In contrast, when communication is not allowed, users do not incorporate resource availability into their utility function. These results suggest that communication does not merely provide a forum for coordination but mediates a causal relationship between resource levels and extraction behaviour. Our findings may help the development of effective resource management policies.

Keywords

common pool resource; strategic behaviour; institutional arrangements; tragedy of the commons; fishery; sustainability

Published in

Frontiers in marine science
2021, volume: 8, article number: 644056

Authors' information

Owusu, Kwabena A.
Leibniz Zentrum fur Marine Tropenforschung (ZMT)
Kulesz, Micaela
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
Merico, Agostino
Leibniz Zentrum fur Marine Tropenforschung (ZMT)

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG14 Life below water

UKÄ Subject classification

Economics
Fish and Wildlife Management

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.644056

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/113072