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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Control of Heterobasidion in Norway Spruce Stands: The Impact of Stump Cover on Efficacy of Urea and Phlebiopsis gigantea and Implications for Forest Management

Zaluma, Astra; Sherwood, Patrick; Bruna, Lauma; Skola, Uvis; Gaitnieks, Talis; Ronnberg, Jonas

Abstract

This study investigated the efficacy of Rotstop, a native Latvian Phlebiopsis gigantea strain and 35% urea solution in combination with a stump cover treatment to control against natural spore infection by Heterobasidion spp. upon precommercial thinning of Norway spruce in three stands growing on former agricultural lands. The major findings were that (i) infection rates of Heterobasidion spp. on stumps treated with the native P. gigantea strain, Rotstop or urea are similar when stumps are uncovered, and (ii) stump cover promotes stump colonization by the Latvian P. gigantea strain and Rotstop, leading to a significantly smaller relative area colonized by Heterobasidion spp., as well greater efficiency against Heterobasidion in comparison with urea. Covering of stumps appears beneficial for controlling Heterobasidion stump colonization and may be valuable to forest owners if used in small-scale operations, but it is impractical in automatized thinnings, where managers should consider using regular Rotstop without covering the stumps.

Keywords

biological control; Rotstop; urea treatment; root rot; basidiospores; agricultural land

Published in

Forests
2021, volume: 12, number: 6, article number: 679
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Zaluma, Astra
Latvian State Forest Research Institute Silava
Sherwood, Patrick
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Bruna, Lauma
Latvian State Forest Research Institute Silava
Skola, Uvis
Latvian State Forest Research Institute Silava
Gaitnieks, Talis
Latvian State Forest Research Institute Silava
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060679

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/113200