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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Monitoring methods adapted to different perceptions and uses of functional biodiversity: Insights from a European qualitative study

Cardona, Aurelie; Tchamitchian, Marc; Penvern, Servane; Dufils, Arnaud; Jacobsen, Stine Kramer; Korsgaard, Maren; Porcel, Mario; Swiergiel, Weronika; Tasin, Marco; Warlop, Francois; Sigsgaard, Lene

Abstract

The role of functional biodiversity for favouring natural regulation and reducing pesticide use in fruit production is generally acknowledged. Although a number of farmers attempt to favour biodiversity through different strategies (e.g. diversified hedges, nesting boxes), they often lack means to evaluate how their actions contribute in practice to functional biodiversity. We assumed here that to create useful and appropriate monitoring methods, it is necessary to take into account the variety of knowledge, perceptions and interests about functional biodiversity. To test our hypothesis, we adopted a comprehensive and participative approach based on interviews and workshops with farmers, advisors and field agronomists involved in apple orchard management. Our objective was to understand their different perceptions and uses of functional biodiversity and then, to design monitoring methods adapted to those perceptions and pre-existing uses. Our findings revealed both a plurality of perceptions of functional biodiversity along with a diversity of objectives and uses of monitoring methods. Based on these results, we identified four main attitudes towards the management of functional biodiversity: the wait-and-see attitude, the naturalist attitude, the regulation attitude and the multifunctional attitude. These attitudes do not correspond to person's profiles, since one person can adopt different attitudes in regard to different biodiversity components or in regard to the different practices supporting biodiversity. In addition, attitudes can vary over time. The identification of these attitudes allowed us to design, with the workshops' participants, a guiding framework to create monitoring programs (i.e. combinations of monitoring methods) adapted to a variety of uses and targeted services.

Keywords

Orchard; Management; Ecosystem services; Attitudes; Stakeholders; Participatory action research

Published in

Ecological Indicators
2021, volume: 129, article number: 107883
Publisher: ELSEVIER

Authors' information

Cardona, Aurélie
National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE)
Tchamitchian, Marc
National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE)
Penvern, Servane
National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE)
Dufils, Arnaud
National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE)
Jacobsen, Stine Kramer
University of Copenhagen
Korsgaard, Maren
Gefion
Porcel Vilches, Mario
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Porcel Vilches, Mario
Corporación colombiana de investigación agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA)
Swiergiel, Weronika
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Tasin, Marco
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Tasin, Marco
University of Padua
Warlop, François
Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture Biologique (GRAB)
Sigsgaard, Lene
University of Copenhagen

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land

UKÄ Subject classification

Ecology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2021.107883

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/113331