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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Pulsating flow in a channel filled with a porous medium under local thermal non-equilibrium condition: an exact solution

Fathi-kelestani, Arman; Nazari, Meysam; Mahmoudi, Yasser;


The present work investigates analytically the problem of forced convection heat transfer of a pulsating flow, in a channel filled with a porous medium under local thermal non-equilibrium condition. Internal heat generation is considered in the porous medium, and the channel walls are subjected to constant heat flux boundary condition. Exact solutions are obtained for velocity, Nusselt number and temperature distributions of the fluid and solid phases in the porous medium. The influence of pertinent parameters, including Biot number, Darcy number, fluid-to-solid effective thermal conductivity ratio and Prandtl number are discussed. The applied pressure gradient is considered in a sinusoidal waveform. The effect of dimensionless frequency and coefficient of the pressure amplitude on the system's velocity and temperature fields are discussed. The general shape of the unsteady velocity for different times is found to be very similar to the steady data. Results show that the amplitudes of the unsteady temperatures for the fluid and solid phases decrease with the increase in Biot number or thermal conductivity ratio. For large Biot numbers, dimensionless temperatures of the solid and fluid phases are similar and are close to their steady counterparts. Results for the Nusselt number indicate that increasing Biot number or thermal conductivity ratio decreases the amplitude of Nusselt number. Increase in the internal heat generation in the solid phase does not have a significant influence on the ratio of amplitude-to-mean value of the Nusselt number, while internal heat generation in the fluid phase enhances this ratio.


Porous media; Pulsating flow; Convective heat transfer; Local thermal non-equilibrium; Analytical solution

Published in

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

2021, volume: 145, number: 5, pages: 2753-2775
Publisher: SPRINGER

Authors' information

Fathi-kelestani, Arman
Shiraz University of Technology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology
Mahmoudi, Yasser
Queens University Belfast

UKÄ Subject classification

Energy Engineering

Publication Identifiers


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