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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Kinematic gait characteristics of straight line walk in clinically sound dairy cows

Tijssen, M.; Braganca, F. M. Serra; Ask, K.; Rhodin, M.; Andersen, P. H.; Telezhenko, E.; Bergsten, C.; Nielen, M.; Hernlund, E.;

Abstract

The aim of this study is to describe the kinematic gait characteristics of straight line walk in clinically sound dairy cows using body mounted Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) at multiple anatomical locations. The temporal parameters used are speed and non-speed normalized stance duration, bipedal and tripedal support durations, maximal protraction and retraction angles of the distal limbs and vertical displacement curves of the upper body. Gait analysis was performed by letting 17 dairy cows walk in a straight line at their own chosen pace while equipped with IMU sensors on tubera sacrale, left and right tuber coxae (LTC and RTC), back, withers, head, neck and all four lower limbs. Data intervals with stride by stride regularity were selected based on video data. For temporal parameters, the median was calculated and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated based on linear mixed model (LMM) analysis, while for limb and vertical displacement curves, the median and most typical curves were calculated. The temporal parameters and distal limb angles showed consistent results with low variance and LMM analysis showed non-overlapping CI for all temporal parameters. The distal limb angle curves showed a larger and steeper retraction angle range for the distal front limbs compared with the hind limbs. The vertical displacement curves of the sacrum, withers, LTC and RTC showed a consistent sinusoidal pattern while the head, back and collar curves were less consistent and showed more variation between and within cows. This kinematic description might allow to objectively differentiate between normal and lame gait in the future and determine the best anatomical location for sensor attachment for lameness detection purposes.

Published in

PLoS ONE

2021, volume: 16, number: 7, article number: e0253479
Publisher: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE

Authors' information

Tijssen, M.
Utrecht University
Braganca, F. M. Serra
Utrecht University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (AFB)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (AFB)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Biosystems and Technology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
Nielen, M.
Utrecht University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences

UKÄ Subject classification

Medical Bioscience
Animal and Dairy Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253479

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/113432