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Research article2021Peer reviewed

The Longitudinal Outcome Of Canine (K9) myxomatous mitral valve disease (LOOK- Mitral registry): Baseline characteristics

Franchini, A.; Borgarelli, M.; Abbott, J. A.; Menciotti, G.; Crosara, S.; Haggstrom, J.; Lahmers, S.; Rosenthal, S.; Tyrrell, W.


Introduction: The Longitudinal Outcome Of Canine (K9) myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) registry (LOOK-Mitral registry) was established to de-scribe the natural history and predictors of outcome in dogs affected by MMVD. This study was intended to describe the baseline characteristics of dogs in the LOOK-mitral registry. Animals: Dogs with echocardiographic evidence of MMVD were prospectively enrolled by thirteen referral centers. Results: A total of 6102 dogs with MMVD were included. The median age was 10 years (1e19 years), and mixed breed was the most common breed (n 1/4 1,360, 22%). Concomitant diseases were reported in 2459 dogs with chronic respiratory diseases occurring most frequently (14%), followed by the presence of azotemia (6%) and orthopedic diseases (5%). Regarding disease severity, 65% of dogs were in ACVIM Stage-B1, 15% in Stage-B2, and 20% in Stage-C. Dogs in Stage-B1 were younger (p<0.001) than dogs in other stages. Murmur intensity, heart rate during physical examination, and radiographic vertebral heart score were positively associated with the stage. Dogs in Stage-C were more likely to have tachypnea (p<0.001), dyspnea (p<0.001), cough (p<0.001), syncopal episodes (p<0.001), and tachyarrhythmias (p<0.001) compared to dogs in Stage-B1 and B2. Echocardiographic indices of left atrial and ventricular size were positively correlated with the ACVIM stage. Interestingly, 4% of dogs that weighed <20 kg had an increased normalized end systolic left ventricle internal diameter (>1.26). Conclusions: This study contributes to a better understanding of the clinical characteristics of dogs affected by MMVD and provides new findings that may be of clinical relevance. 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Dogs; Degenerative valvular disease; Echocardiography

Published in

Journal of Veterinary Cardiology
2021, Volume: 36, pages: 32-47
Publisher: ELSEVIER

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    Clinical Science

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