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Review article2021Peer reviewedOpen access

The Role of Glycoside Hydrolases in Phytopathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes Virulence

Rafiei, Vahideh; Velez, Heriberto; Tzelepis, Georgios


Phytopathogenic fungi need to secrete different hydrolytic enzymes to break down complex polysaccharides in the plant cell wall in order to enter the host and develop the disease. Fungi produce various types of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) during infection. Most of the characterized CWDEs belong to glycoside hydrolases (GHs). These enzymes hydrolyze glycosidic bonds and have been identified in many fungal species sequenced to date. Many studies have shown that CWDEs belong to several GH families and play significant roles in the invasion and pathogenicity of fungi and oomycetes during infection on the plant host, but their mode of function in virulence is not yet fully understood. Moreover, some of the CWDEs that belong to different GH families act as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which trigger plant immune responses. In this review, we summarize the most important GHs that have been described in eukaryotic phytopathogens and are involved in the establishment of a successful infection.


carbohydrate-active enzymes; cell wall degrading enzymes; pathogenicity; phytopathogens; plant-microbe interactions

Published in

International Journal of Molecular Sciences
2021, Volume: 22, number: 17, article number: 9359
Publisher: MDPI