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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Midden site selection in Dorcas gazelle: Larger is not always better

Soultan, Alaaeldin; Nagy, Abdullah; Attum, Omar


Dorcas gazelles are believed to use middens to mark their territories and transmit information. Given the commitment to maintaining a midden, it is believed that middens are not placed randomly. We examined how the habitat (tree height and maximum canopy) and anthropogenic disturbance (camel and human presence) influenced the selection of midden sites by Dorcas gazelles in South Sinai, Egypt. Our results showed that Dorcas gazelles did not place middens at larger trees, while favoring relatively smaller trees and shrubs where the anthropogenic disturbance and perceived hunting risk are less. Our results, in light of the previous findings, suggest that selection of midden sites is species context-dependent behavior. In areas with less anthropogenic disturbance and hunting, Dorcas gazelles have been shown to select the largest trees of the same species as midden sites. In contract, in our study site with high anthropogenic disturbance and no protection from hunting, gazelles did not utilize the presumably optimum landmarks for midden sites. Our study showed that Dorcas gazelles instead utilized smaller trees and some shrubs that are less conspicuous and presumably less effective as advertisement sites, but safer.


Acacia trees; desert; Dorcas gazelle; middens

Published in

Ecology and Evolution
2021, volume: 11, number: 20, pages: 13661-13667
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Soultan, Alaaeldin
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Nagy, Abdullah
Al Azhar University
Attum, Omar
Indiana University Southeast

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