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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2018

Bovine brucellosis: prevalence, risk factors, economic cost and control options with particular reference to India- a review

Pratim Deka, Ram; Magnusson, Ulf; Grace, Delia; Lindahl, Johanna


Background: Brucellosis is an economically important zoonotic disease with worldwide distribution, with low-income countries being more affected. The disease is endemic in India, a country that house the world’s largest cattle and buffalo population and produce the most milk in the world. Results: Prevalence of the disease in the country is reported as low as 1% to as high as 60% by different researchers but many of the published studies that reported higher prevalence were conducted in non-randomised samples. Based on this review, overall prevalence in the country is likely 12% or less. About 20 different risk factors are reported that contribute/ predispose to occurrence of bovine brucellosis. The risk factors could be classified in four groups: host factors, farmer’s factors, managemental factors, and agro-ecological factors. Various studies reported high economic burden of the diseases in dairy animals but there is dearth of comprehensive and rigorous economic studies. Conclusions: In the absence of highly effective vaccines and because of difficulties in executing a segregation and slaughter policy of infected animals in countries like India, control of bovine brucellosis remains a challenge.


Brucella; neglected tropical disease; zoonosis; economic loss; disease control

Published in

Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
2018, volume: 8, number: 1, article number: 1556548

Authors' information

Pratim Deka, Ram
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Pratim Deka, Ram
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
Grace, Delia
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Uppsala University

UKÄ Subject classification

Clinical Science

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