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Research article2022Peer reviewedOpen access

Extraction of Cellulose Acetate from Cajuput (Melaleuca leucadendron) Twigs and Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Bagasse by Environmentally Friendly Approach

Maryana, Roni; Triwahyuni, Eka; Oktaviani, Oktaviani; Prasetia, Hafiizh; Das, Atanu Kumar; Sudiyani, Yanni


This study was carried out to investigate the extraction of cellulose acetate (CA) from cajuput (Melaleuca leucadendron) twigs and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) bagasse using an environmentally friendly method. At first, cellulose was extracted from cajuput twigs (CT) and sugarcane bagasse (SB) through prehydrolysis followed by soda (NaOH) pulping and elemental chlorine-free (ECF) bleaching. Later, the extracted cellulose was acetylated using iodine (I) as a catalyst. The obtained CA was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray diffraction. FTIR and NMR analysis proved the replacement of free OH (hydroxyl) groups by acetyl groups. The degree of substitution (DS) showed the acetylation capability of cellulose extracted from CT and SB as well. The diameter of CA and its crystallinity index (CrI) were measured by SEM and X-ray diffraction, respectively. The cellulose content was 85.4 and 89.5% for CT and SB, respectively after the pulping and bleaching. The diameter of CA extracted from CT was approximately 10 mu m and it was approximately 20 to 30 mu m for SB. The CrI of the CA extracted from SB and CT was 75.6 and 60.2, respectively. Furthermore, the thermal gravimetric analysis showed that CA extracted from CT and SB was thermal resistant. Therefore, CT and SB will be potential alternative resources for CA production using the mentioned method.


Cellulose acetate; Cajuput twig; Sugarcane bagasse; Prehydrolysis; Acetylation

Published in

Waste and Biomass Valorization
2022, Volume: 13, number: 3, pages: 1535-1545
Publisher: SPRINGER

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure
    SDG12 Responsible consumption and production
    SDG13 Climate action

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Polymer Chemistry

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