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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Positioning the biofuel policy in the bioeconomy of the BioEast macro-region

Kulisic, Biljana; Dimitriou, Ioannis; Mola-Yudego, Blas;


This study outlines and reviews the concerted biofuels' policy for transport of eleven countries in central and eastern Europe (BioEast macro-region). Policy preferences collected from relevant government representatives of the region are analyzed using choice architecture and fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process. The experts' preferences concerning criteria related to land use, decarbonization and development of a national market are ranked with similar importance, with a slight preference for the latter. The results demonstrate a great variation in the priorities for forming and implementing biofuel policies in the region, strongly related to national realities (e.g. available land for biofuel production, target fulfilment). Countries delaying in their biofuel targets aim at policies that fulfil internal demands without considering other criteria related to land use issues and own sources. The results show a general agreement (95% consensus) of having about 66% of renewable energy in transport covered from biofuels resulting from domestic biomass supply. Yet, there are differing preferences in the policy options at country level, which makes a single consensus policy for the macro-region challenging. Finally, the results highlight the different degrees of policy intervention that are implicit in the policy preferences of the national decision makers.


AHP; biofuels policy; mandated share; decarbonization; transport

Published in


2022, volume: 13, number: 7, pages: 833-842

Authors' information

Kulišic, Biljana
Energy Institute Hrvoje Požar
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Crop Production Ecology
University of Eastern Finland
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Crop Production Ecology

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

UKÄ Subject classification

Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Publication Identifiers


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