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Research article2019Peer reviewedOpen access

The Role of Land Use Consolidation in Improving Crop Yields among Farm Households in Rwanda

Nilsson, Pia


Relative to other developing regions, the role of land consolidation in increasing crop yields is poorly understood in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper examines the role of land use consolidation on agricultural productivity among smallholder farmers in Rwanda. Household-level data are used to estimate a fixed-effects model with matched control groups to mitigate selection bias. The study finds a positive association between land use consolidation and crop yields, but only among farm households with landholdings greater than one hectare, which is well above the average farm size in Rwanda. Findings also point to the importance of non-organic fertilisers and irrigation as there appear to be significant benefits associated with further increases in their use among the consolidated farms.

Published in

Journal of Development Studies
2019, Volume: 55, number: 8, pages: 1726-1740

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