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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Substances of emerging concern in Baltic Sea water: Review on methodological advances for the environmental assessment and proposal for future monitoring

Kanwischer, Marion; Asker, Noomi; Wernersson, Ann-Sofie; Wirth, Marisa A.; Fisch, Kathrin; Dahlgren, Elin; Osterholz, Helena; Habedank, Friederike; Naumann, Michael; Mannio, Jaakko; Schulz-Bull, Detlef E.

Abstract

The Baltic Sea is among the most polluted seas worldwide. Anthropogenic contaminants are mainly introduced via riverine discharge and atmospheric deposition. Regional and international measures have successfully been employed to reduce concentrations of several legacy contaminants. However, current Baltic Sea monitoring programs do not address compounds of emerging concern. Hence, potentially harmful pharmaceuticals, UV filters, polar pesticides, estrogenic compounds, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or naturally produced algal toxins are not taken into account during the assessment of the state of the Baltic Sea. Herein, we conducted literature searches based on systematic approaches and compiled reported data on these substances in Baltic Sea surface water and on methodological advances for sample processing and chemical as well as effect-based analysis of these analytically challenging marine pollutants. Finally, we provide recommendations for improvement of future contaminant and risk assessment in the Baltic Sea, which revolve around a combination of both chemical and effect-based analyses.

Keywords

Baltic Sea; Bioassay; Biomarker; Effect-based methods; Instrumental analysis; Substances of emerging concern

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2022, volume: 51, number: 6, pages: 1588-1608
Publisher: SPRINGER

Authors' information

Kanwischer, Marion
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende Leibniz Institut fur Ostseeforschung Warnemunde
Asker, Noomi
University of Gothenburg
Wernersson, Ann-Sofie
Swedish Geotechnical Institute (SGI)
Wirth, Marisa A.
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende Leibniz Institut fur Ostseeforschung Warnemunde
Fisch, Kathrin
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende Leibniz Institut fur Ostseeforschung Warnemunde
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Resources
Osterholz, Helena
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende Leibniz Institut fur Ostseeforschung Warnemunde
Habedank, Friederike
State Office for Agriculture, Food Safety and Fisheries
Naumann, Michael
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research
Mannio, Jaakko
Finnish Environment Institute
Schulz-Bull, Detlef E.
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende Leibniz Institut fur Ostseeforschung Warnemunde

Associated SLU-program

SLUsystematic

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG14 Life below water

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01627-6

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/114160