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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Drought reduces water uptake in beech from the drying topsoil, but no compensatory uptake occurs from deeper soil layers

Gessler, Arthur; Bachli, Lukas; Rouholahnejad Freund, Elham; Treydte, Kerstin; Schaub, Marcus; Haeni, Matthias; Weiler, Markus; Seeger, Stefan; Marshall, John; Hug, Christian; Zweifel, Roman; Hagedorn, Frank; Rigling, Andreas; Saurer, Matthias; Meusburger, Katrin

Abstract

The intensity and frequency of droughts events are projected to increase in future with expected adverse effects for forests. Thus, information on the dynamics of tree water uptake from different soil layers during and after drought is crucial. We applied an in situ water isotopologue monitoring system to determine the oxygen isotope composition in soil and xylem water of European beech with a 2-h resolution together with measurements of soil water content, transpiration and tree water deficit. Using a Bayesian isotope mixing model, we inferred the relative and absolute contribution of water from four different soil layers to tree water use. Beech took up more than 50% of its water from the uppermost 5 cm soil layer at the beginning of the 2018 drought, but then reduced absolute water uptake from the drying topsoil by 84%. The trees were not able to quantitatively compensate for restricted topsoil water availability by additional uptake from deeper soil layers, which is related to the fine root depth distribution. Absolute water uptake from the topsoil was restored to pre-drought levels within 3 wk after rewetting. These uptake patterns help to explain both the drought sensitivity of beech and its high recovery potential after drought release.

Keywords

Bayesian isotope mixing model; drought; drought release; European beech (Fagus sylvatica); oxygen isotopes; soil water; tree water use; xylem water

Published in

New Phytologist
2021, volume: 233, number: 1, pages: 194-206
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Gessler, Arthur
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Gessler, Arthur
ETH Zurich
Bachli, Lukas
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Rouholahnejad Freund, Elham
ETH Zurich
Treydte, Kerstin
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Schaub, Marcus
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Haeni, Matthias
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Weiler, Markus
University of Freiburg
Seeger, Stefan
University of Freiburg
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Ecology and Management
Hug, Christian
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Zweifel, Roman
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Hagedorn, Frank
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Rigling, Andreas
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Rigling, Andreas
ETH Zurich
Saurer, Matthias
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Meusburger, Katrin
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research

UKÄ Subject classification

Soil Science
Forest Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17767

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/114170