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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Directional turnover towards larger-ranged plants over time and across habitats

Staude, Ingmar R.; Pereira, Henrique M.; Daskalova, Gergana N.; Bernhardt-Roemermann, Markus; Diekmann, Martin; Pauli, Harald; Van Calster, Hans; Vellend, Mark; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Brunet, Jorg; De Frenne, Pieter; Hedl, Radim; Jandt, Ute; Lenoir, Jonathan; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Verheyen, Kris; Wipf, Sonja; Wulf, Monika; Andrews, Christopher; Barancok, Peter;
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Species turnover is ubiquitous. However, it remains unknown whether certain types of species are consistently gained or lost across different habitats. Here, we analysed the trajectories of 1827 plant species over time intervals of up to 78 years at 141 sites across mountain summits, forests, and lowland grasslands in Europe. We found, albeit with relatively small effect sizes, displacements of smaller- by larger-ranged species across habitats. Communities shifted in parallel towards more nutrient-demanding species, with species from nutrient-rich habitats having larger ranges. Because these species are typically strong competitors, declines of smaller-ranged species could reflect not only abiotic drivers of global change, but also biotic pressure from increased competition. The ubiquitous component of turnover based on species range size we found here may partially reconcile findings of no net loss in local diversity with global species loss, and link community-scale turnover to macroecological processes such as biotic homogenisation.


alpine; biodiversity change; forest; forestREplot; GLORIA; grassland; homogenization; resurvey; winner and loser species

Published in

Ecology Letters
2022, volume: 25, number: 2
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Staude, Ingmar R.
Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg
Pereira, Henrique M.
Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg
Pereira, Henrique M.
Universidade do Porto
Daskalova, Gergana N.
University of Edinburgh
Bernhardt-Roemermann, Markus
Friedrich Schiller University of Jena
Diekmann, Martin
University of Bremen
Pauli, Harald
Austrian Acad Sci OAW IGF
Pauli, Harald
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
Van Calster, Hans
Research Institute for Nature and Forest
Vellend, Mark
University of Sherbrooke
Bjorkman, Anne D.
University of Gothenburg
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
De Frenne, Pieter
Ghent University
Hedl, Radim
Czech Academy of Sciences
Hedl, Radim
Palack Univ Olomouc
Jandt, Ute
Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg
Lenoir, Jonathan
Picardie Universites
Myers-Smith, Isla H.
University of Edinburgh
Verheyen, Kris
Ghent University
Wipf, Sonja
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
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Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land

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