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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Doing and undoing gender in rice business and marketplaces in Tanzania

Ilomo, Mesia; Rutashobya, Lettice Kinunda; Ishengoma, Esther K.; Pettersson, Katarina; Lodin, Johanna Bergman;

Abstract

This paper contributes to the gender-and-marketplace literature by exploring whether and how the ongoing, under-researched food-to-cash crop transformation of rice in Tanzania reinforces or challenges the "doing of gender". We apply Acker's "doing gender" framework, where gender is done by following normative conceptions and undone by challenging them. We analyze women and men's everyday practices and relations in terms of identities, divisions, symbols and interactions. The empirical material includes observations, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with women and men traders, farmers and key informants at two rice markets in Kyela, south-western Tanzania. We find that this transformation of rice has resulted in more processes of doing than undoing gender. Too, more women than men undo gender. Since men and masculinity are constructed as superior to women and femininity, this makes it more difficult for men to undo gender. The structures of the marketplaces also seem to influence these processes. Surprisingly, the old marketplace offers more avenues to undo gender, whereas the new, government-initiated marketplace reinforces the doing of gender. We conclude that this commercialization trajectory, including associated interventions, exacerbates rather than reduces gender inequalities. Future agricultural interventions should therefore consider both technical and social aspects to yield desired outcomes.

Keywords

doing gender; undoing gender; Tanzania; marketplaces; rice

Published in

Cogent Social Sciences

2021, volume: 7, number: 1, article number: 1934981

Authors' information

ILOMO, MESIA (ILOMO, MESIA)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development
University of Dar es Salaam
Rutashobya, Lettice Kinunda
University of Dar es Salaam
Ishengoma, Esther K.
University of Dar es Salaam
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Urban and Rural Development

UKÄ Subject classification

Gender Studies

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2021.1934981

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/114955