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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Road verges are corridors and roads barriers for the movement of flower-visiting insects

Daniel-Ferreira, Juliana; Berggren, Asa; Wissman, Jorgen; Ockinger, Erik

Abstract

Roads and road verges can potentially have opposite impacts on organisms that move through the landscape. While road verges can be habitat for a large number of species, and have been proposed to act as dispersal corridors, roads can act as barriers to movement. This duality of roads and road verges has however rarely been assessed simultaneously, and it is unknown to what degree it depends on the amount of traffic on the road and on the habitat quality of the road verge. We used fluorescent powdered dye to track movements of flower-visiting insects along roads with varying traffic intensity, and in verges with contrasting habitat quality (flowering plant species richness and flower density). Insect movements along road verges were more frequent than movements into the adjacent habitats, indicating that verges act as corridors. The frequency of movements that required crossing the road was lower compared to the frequency of movements that did not, suggesting that roads are barriers. The movement patterns were independent of traffic intensity, but the barrier effect was stronger when the road verge had a higher density of flower resources. The effect of roads as a barrier and of the road verges as corridors were independent of each other. Our results suggest that flower-visiting insects tend to remain longer in road verges with high density of flowers and we therefore suggest that managing road verge habitats for an increased plant diversity will mitigate the known negative impacts of roads on insect populations.

Keywords

bees; butterflies; dispersal; habitats; hoverflies; landscape; linear infrastructure connectivity

Published in

Ecography
2022, number: 2, article number: e05847
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Dániel Ferreira, Juliana (Dániel-Ferreira, Juliana)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Swedish Biodiversity Centre
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land
SDG9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

UKÄ Subject classification

Ecology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.05847

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/115197