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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Plant Bioelectronics and Biohybrids: The Growing Contribution of Organic Electronic and Carbon-Based Materials

Stavrinidou, Eleni; Dufil, Gwennael; Bernacka-Wojcik, Iwona; Armada-Moreira, Adam


Life in our planet is highly dependent on plants as they are the primary source of food, regulators of the atmosphere, and providers of a variety of materials. In this work, we review the progress on bioelectronic devices for plants and biohybrid systems based on plants, therefore discussing advancements that view plants either from a biological or a technological perspective, respectively. We give an overview on wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices for monitoring and modulating plant physiology that can be used as tools in basic plant science or find application in agriculture. Furthermore, we discuss plant wearable devices for monitoring a plant's microenvironment that will enable optimization of growth conditions. The review then covers plant biohybrid systems where plants are an integral part of devices or are converted to devices upon functionalization with smart materials, including self-organized electronics, plant nanobionics, and energy applications. The review focuses on advancements based on organic electronic and carbon-based materials and discusses opportunities, challenges, as well as future steps.

Published in

Chemical Reviews
2022, volume: 122, number: 4, pages: 4847-4883

Authors' information

Dufil, Gwennael
Linkoping University
Bernacka-Wojcik, Iwona
Linkoping University
Armada-Moreira, Adam
Linkoping University
Stavrinidou, Eleni
Linköping University
Stavrinidou, Eleni
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology

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