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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Pan-European sustainable forest management indicators for assessing Climate-Smart Forestry in Europe

Santopuoli, G.; Temperli, C.; Alberdi, I; Barbeito, I; Bosela, M.; Bottero, A.; Klopcic, M.; Lesinski, J.; Panzacchi, P.; Tognetti, R.


The increasing demand for innovative forest management strategies to adapt to and mitigate climate change and benefit forest production, the so-called Climate-Smart Forestry, calls for a tool to monitor and evaluate their implementation and their effects on forest development over time. The pan-European set of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management is considered one of the most important tools for assessing many aspects of forest management and sustainability. This study offers an analytical approach to selecting a subset of indicators to support the implementation of Climate-Smart Forestry. Based on a literature review and the analytical hierarchical approach, 10 indicators were selected to assess, in particular, mitigation and adaptation. These indicators were used to assess the state of the Climate-Smart Forestry trend in Europe from 1990 to 2015 using data from the reports on the State of Europe's Forests. Forest damage, tree species composition, and carbon stock were the most important indicators. Though the trend was overall positive with regard to adaptation and mitigation, its evaluation was partly hindered by the lack of data. We advocate for increased efforts to harmonize international reporting and for further integrating the goals of Climate-Smart Forestry into national-and European-level forest policy making.


silviculture; adaptation; mitigation; forest inventory; forest damage

Published in

Canadian Journal of Forest Research
2021, volume: 51, number: 12, pages: 1741-1750

Authors' information

Santopuoli, G.
University of Molise
Temperli, C.
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Alberdi, I
Instituto Nacional Investigacion Tecnologia Agraria Alimentaria (INIA)
Barbeito, Ignacio
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Barbeito, Ignacio
National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA)
Bosela, M.
Technical University Zvolen
Bottero, A.
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Bottero, A.
Klopčič, M.
University of Ljubljana
Lesinski, J.
Agricultural University Krakow
Panzacchi, P.
University of Molise
Panzacchi, P.
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
Tognetti, R.
University of Molise

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land
SDG13 Climate action

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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