Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

The Contributions of Biomass Supply for Bioenergy in the Post-COVID-19 Recovery

Kulisic, Biljana; Gagnon, Bruno; Schweinle, Joerg; Van Holsbeeck, Sam; Brown, Mark; Simurina, Jurica; Dimitriou, Ioannis; McDonald, Heather


This research investigates how biomass supply chains (BSChs) for bioenergy within the broader bioeconomy could contribute to the post-COVID-19 recovery in three dimensions: boosting economic growth, creating jobs, and building more resilient and cleaner energy systems in four future scenarios, in the short term (by 2023) and long term (by 2030). A SWOT analysis on BSChs was used for generating a questionnaire for foresight by a two-round Delphi study. To interpret the results properly, a short survey and literature review is executed to record BSChs behavior during the pandemic. In total, 23 (55% response rate) and 28 (46% response rate) biomass experts from three continents participated in the Delphi and the short survey, respectively. The strongest impact from investment in BSChs would be on economic growth, followed by a contribution to the resilient and cleaner energy systems and job creation. The effects would be more visible in the long- than in the short-term period. Investments with the most impact on recovery are those that improve biomass material efficiency and circularity. Refurbishment of current policies to enhance the supply of biomass as a renewable resource to the future economy is a must.


biomass supply chains; pandemic; Delphi; bioenergy; bioeconomy; recovery; investments

Published in

2021, volume: 14, number: 24, article number: 8415
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Kulišic, Biljana
Energy Institute Hrvoje Požar
Gagnon, Bruno
Natural Resources Canada
Schweinle, Jörg
Natural Resources Canada
Van Holsbeeck, Sam
University of the Sunshine Coast
Brown, Mark
University of the Sunshine Coast
Simurina, Jurica
University of Zagreb
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Crop Production Ecology
McDonald, Heather
Natural Resources Canada

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy
SDG8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

UKÄ Subject classification

Energy Systems

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)