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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Anatomical, physical, chemical, and biological durability properties of two rattan species of different diameter classes

Ahmed, Sheikh Ali; Hosseinpourpia, Reza; Brischke, Christian; Adamopoulos, Stergios


Rattan cane is an important forest product with economic value. Its anatomical, physical, and biological properties vary with the cane height. This makes it difficult to select the appropriate cane diameter for harvesting. Understanding the material properties of rattan cane with different diameter sizes is important to enhance its utilization and performance for different end uses. Thus, the present study was performed on two rattan species, Calamus zollingeri and Calamus ornatus, at two different cane heights (bottom/mature and top/juvenile). Calamus zollingeri was studied at diameter classes of 20 mm and 30 mm, while Calamus ornatus was analyzed at a diameter class of 15 mm. The anatomical properties, basic density, volumetric swelling, dynamic moisture sorption, and biological durability of rattan samples were studied. The results showed that C. zollingeri with a 20 mm diameter exhibited the highest basic density, hydrophobicity, dimensional stability, and durability against mold and white-rot (Trametes versicolor) fungi. As confirmed by anatomical studies, this could be due to the higher vascular bundle frequency and longer thick-walled fibers that led to a denser structure than in the other categories. In addition, the lignin content might have a positive effect on the mass loss of different rattan canes caused by white-rot decay.


Calamus zollingeri; Calamus ornatus; dynamic vapor sorption; basic density; volumetric swelling; white rot; mold

Published in

2022, volume: 13, number: 1, article number: 132

Authors' information

Ahmed, Sheikh Ali
Linnaeus University
Hosseinpourpia, Reza
Linnaeus University
Brischke, Christian
University of Gottingen
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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