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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Inhibition of ABA-mediated Responses by Dithiothreitol in Plants

Ashwini, Narasimha; Sajeevan, Radha Sivarajan; Nataraja, Karaba N.


In plants, abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated responses during abiotic stress, growth, and development have been well studied. Many chemicals which modulate ABA responses have been identified. In this study, we report that dithiothreitol (DTT), an inducer of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, can overcome ABA-mediated responses in plants. In rice seedlings, combined treatment of ABA and DTT increased shoot growth compared to ABA alone. The phenotype correlated with the expression pattern of ABA and ER stress-responsive genes. In finger millet, increase in root growth was observed in combined treatment, compared to ABA treatment. Experiments using dimethyl sulfoxide indicated that the phenotype observed was specific to DTT. Priming of germinated rice seeds with DTT followed by salinity stress indicated that DTT can mask the ABA effect. In ABA bioassay using cotton petioles, an increase in intact petioles in combined treatment of ABA and DTT was observed compared to ABA treatment. The expression of OsWRKY48, an ABA-responsive gene, was down-regulated in combined treatment, indicating that the target of DTT-induced ER stress is upstream of OsWRKY48 in the ABA signaling pathway. The study demonstrated that DTT-induced ER stress can be a potential mechanism to regulate ABA-mediated responses in plants.


Abscisic acid; Combined treatment; Dithiothreitol; Petiole abscission; Seed priming; Shoot growth

Published in

Journal of Plant Growth Regulation
2023, volume: 42, number: 1, pages: 237-248
Publisher: SPRINGER

Authors' information

Ashwini, Narasimha
University of Agricultural Sciences
University of Agricultural Sciences
Nataraja, Karaba N.
University of Agricultural Sciences

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