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Research article2022Peer reviewedOpen access

Heterogeneous impacts of climate change on crop yields across altitudes in Ethiopia

Ginbo, Tsegaye

Abstract

Impacts of climate change can differ from one region to another. We combine the household-level panel data with weather and climate data to examine the heterogeneity of the impacts of climate change on crop yields across different crops and agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. Our results show that climate change will induce an increase in coffee and teff yields by 31% and 8.3%, respectively, at high altitudes by the years 2041-2060 compared to 1988-2018, under a medium emissions scenario. Conversely, it will reduce coffee yield by 3% at low altitudes, and barley, maize, and wheat yield by 22.7%, 48%, and 10%, respectively, at high altitudes. These findings suggest that tailoring agricultural development programs and climate adaptation strategies to address location and crop-specific sensitivity to climate change may help to build resilience and improve the livelihood of smallholder farmers.

Keywords

Climate change; Crop yields; Production risk; Climate resilience

Published in

Climatic Change
2022, Volume: 170, number: 1-2, article number: 12Publisher: SPRINGER

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG2 Zero hunger
    SDG13 Climate action

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Climate Research
    Economics
    Agricultural Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-022-03306-1

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/115863