- Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Effect of pollination time, the hour of daytime, pollen storage temperature and duration on pollen viability, germinability, and fruit set of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv "Deglet Nour"
Kadri, Karim; Elsafy, Mohammed; Makhlouf, Souhayla; Awad, Mohamed A.
Success artificial pollination with viable pollen is crucial process in the production chain of date palms. This study evaluated the impact of pollen storage temperature and duration, pollination time following spathe cracking, and the hour of daytime on pollen viability, germinability, fruit set and yield of 'Deglet Nour' date palm cultivar. In in vitro tests, fresh pollen showed the maximum viability (96.3%) and germination (85%) but it decreased thereafter upon the storage temperature (28, 4 and-30 degrees C) and duration (3, 6, 9 and 12 months). In this respect, pollen stored at-30 degrees C retained highest viability and germinability followed by those stored at 4 and then at 28 degrees C. In filed experiments, fruit set was 85, 75, 65, and 45% with pollination using fresh pollen, or pollen stored at-30, 4 and 28 degrees C, respectively. Fruit set was 95%, 75%, and less than 50%, for pollination performed on the same day of spathe cracking, 6 and 12 days later, respectively. The highest fruit set percentage and yield/bunch were obtained with pollination performed between 12.0 pm and 15.0 pm in contrast to 8.0-11.0 am or 16.0-17.0. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date palm; Pollination; Pollen viability; Pollen germinability; Fruit set; Yield
Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
2022, Volume: 29, number: 2, pages: 1085-1091
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