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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Assessing long-term effects of CAP investment support on indicators of farm performance

Nilsson, Pia; Wixe, Sofia


In this study of Swedish farms from 2007 to 2016, we estimate the effects of investment support from the Common Agricultural Policy on indicators of farm performance, focusing on long-term effects. To isolate the impact and alleviate problems of selection bias, we employ a counterfactual empirical design using Coarsened Exact Matching and dynamic panel fixed-effects estimations. The average treatment effect on the treated estimates show a positive and significant long-term improvement of farm performance with regard to productivity and turnover. However, the results indicate significant time lags between investments and accumulated observable effects, as we find most short-term effects of the subsidy to be insignificant.


CAP investment support; farm performance; long-term effects; Sweden; Q12; Q18; D24

Published in

European Review of Agricultural Economics
2022, volume: 49, number: 4, pages: 760-795

Authors' information

Jönköping International Business School
Nilsson, Pia
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
Wixe, Sofia
Jönköping International Business School

UKÄ Subject classification

Business Administration

Publication Identifiers


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