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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Re-meander, rewet, rewild! Overwhelming public support for restoration of small rivers in the three Baltic Sea basin countries

Giergiczny, Marek; Valasiuk, Sviataslau; Kotowski, Wiktor; Galera, Halina; Bredahl Jacobsen, Jette; Sagebiel, Julian; Wichtmann, Wendelin; Jabłońska, Ewa;


Baltic Sea is one of the World's most oxygen-depletes seas, so the region requires urgent mitigation measures to significantly reduce nitrogen and phosphorus inputs from land through rivers, which cannot be achieved without large-scale restoration of wetland buffer zones. The manuscript summarizes the findings of the discrete choice experiment aimed at assessment of the preferences of Danish, German, and Polish citizens toward ecosystem services of lowland small rivers of the Baltic Sea basin. Our results suggest that respondents in all the studied countries are willing to pay substantial amounts to improve water quality in rivers and the Baltic Sea, as well as to restore naturally meandering rivers and natural riparian vegetation. Wild marshes and Wetland agriculture were equally valued as the most desirable options. Respondents systematically cared about the appearance of small rivers in their neighborhood. We conclude that re-meandering, rewetting of floodplains, and restoration of wild marshes (i.e. natural wetland vegetation) or development of wetland agriculture could gain a lot of public support in Europe.


Baltic Sea; discrete choice experiment; ecosystem services; restoration; small rivers; willingness to pay

Published in

Restoration Ecology

2022, article number: e13575
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Giergiczny, Marek
University of Warsaw
Valasiuk, Sviataslau
University of Warsaw
Kotowski, Wiktor
University of Warsaw
Galera, Halina
University of Warsaw
Bredahl Jacobsen, Jette
University of Copenhagen
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
Wichtmann, Wendelin
University of Greifswald
Jabłońska, Ewa
University of Warsaw

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG6 Clean water
SDG15 Life on land

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