Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022
Predicting yellow rust in wheat breeding trials by proximal phenotyping and machine learningKoc, Alexander; Odilbekov, Firuz; Alamrani, Marwan; Henriksson, Tina; Chawade, Aakash
AbstractBackground High-throughput plant phenotyping (HTPP) methods have the potential to speed up the crop breeding process through the development of cost-effective, rapid and scalable phenotyping methods amenable to automation. Crop disease resistance breeding stands to benefit from successful implementation of HTPP methods, as bypassing the bottleneck posed by traditional visual phenotyping of disease, enables the screening of larger and more diverse populations for novel sources of resistance. The aim of this study was to use HTPP data obtained through proximal phenotyping to predict yellow rust scores in a large winter wheat field trial. Results The results show that 40-42 spectral vegetation indices (SVIs) derived from spectroradiometer data are sufficient to predict yellow rust scores using Random Forest (RF) modelling. The SVIs were selected through RF-based recursive feature elimination (RFE), and the predicted scores in the resulting models had a prediction accuracy of r(s) = 0.50-0.61 when measuring the correlation between predicted and observed scores. Some of the most important spectral features for prediction were the Plant Senescence Reflectance Index (PSRI), Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI), Red-Green Pigment Index (RGI), and Greenness Index (GI). Conclusions The proposed HTPP method of combining SVI data from spectral sensors in RF models, has the potential to be deployed in wheat breeding trials to score yellow rust.
KeywordsHigh-throughput phenotyping; Plant breeding; Yellow rust; Field phenotyping; Spectral vegetation index; Low-cost phenotyping; Winter wheat; Disease resistance
Published inPlant Methods
2022, volume: 18, number: 1, article number: 30
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