- Department of Plant Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Serivichyaswat, Phanu T.; Bartusch, Kai; Leso, Martina; Musseau, Constance; Iwase, Akira; Chen, Yu; Sugimoto, Keiko; Quint, Marcel; Melnyk, Charles W.
Cellular regeneration in response to wounding is fundamental to maintain tissue integrity. Various internal factors including hormones and transcription factors mediate healing, but little is known about the role of external factors. To understand how the environment affects regeneration, we investigated the effects of temperature upon the horticulturally relevant process of plant grafting. We found that elevated temperatures accelerated vascular regeneration in Arabidopsis thaliana and tomato grafts. Leaves were crucial for this effect, as blocking auxin transport or mutating PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 4 (PIF4) or YUCCA2/5/8/9 in the cotyledons abolished the temperature enhancement. However, these perturbations did not affect grafting at ambient temperatures, and temperature enhancement of callus formation and tissue adhesion did not require PIF4, suggesting leaf-derived auxin specifically enhanced vascular regeneration in response to elevated temperatures. We also found that elevated temperatures accelerated the formation of inter-plant vascular connections between the parasitic plant Phtheirospennum japonicum and host Arabidopsis, and this effect required shoot-derived auxin from the parasite. Taken together, our results identify a pathway whereby local temperature perception mediates long distance auxin signaling to modify regeneration, grafting and parasitism.This article has an associated 'The people behind the papers' interview.
Grafting; Regeneration; Temperature sensing; Auxin transport; Vascular biology; Parasitic plants; Arabidopsis thaliana
2022, Volume: 149, number: 5, article number: dev200079
Publisher: COMPANY BIOLOGISTS LTD