Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022
Demographic History and Natural Selection Shape Patterns of Deleterious Mutation Load and Barriers to Introgression across Populus GenomeLiu, Shuyu; Zhang, Lei; Sang, Yupeng; Lai, Qiang; Zhang, Xinxin; Jia, Changfu; Long, Zhiqin; Wu, Jiali; Ma, Tao; Mao, Kangshan; Street, Nathaniel R.; Ingvarsson, Par K.; Liu, Jianquan; Wang, Jing
AbstractHybridization and resulting introgression are important processes shaping the tree of life and appear to be far more common than previously thought. However, how the genome evolution was shaped by various genetic and evolutionary forces after hybridization remains unresolved. Here we used whole-genome resequencing data of 227 individuals from multiple widespread Populus species to characterize their contemporary patterns of hybridization and to quantify genomic signatures of past introgression. We observe a high frequency of contemporary hybridization and confirm that multiple previously ambiguous species are in fact F-1 hybrids. Seven species were identified, which experienced different demographic histories that resulted in strikingly varied efficacy of selection and burdens of deleterious mutations. Frequent past introgression has been found to be a pervasive feature throughout the speciation of these Populus species. The retained introgressed regions, more generally, tend to contain reduced genetic load and to be located in regions of high recombination. We also find that in pairs of species with substantial differences in effective population size, introgressed regions are inferred to have undergone selective sweeps at greater than expected frequencies in the species with lower effective population size, suggesting that introgression likely have higher potential to provide beneficial variation for species with small populations. Our results, therefore, illustrate that demography and recombination have interplayed with both positive and negative selection in determining the genomic evolution after hybridization.
Keywordshybridization; genetic load; natural selection; adaptive introgression; Populus
Published inMolecular Biology and Evolution
2022, volume: 39, number: 2, article number: msac008
Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Street, Nathaniel R.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Biology
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