- Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
- Lund University
Wang, Shuang; Redmile-Gordon, Marc; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Ge, Tida; Zhang, Ming; Wu, Yichao; Liu, Jun; Huang, Qiaoyun; Cai, Peng
The view that soil organic C (SOC) is formed mainly from non-metabolised and recalcitrant organic residues is being challenged by an emerging view that metabolic by-products form more stable associations with soil minerals. However, the effects of C substrate identity and soil mineral composition (and interactions) on microbial physiology and SOC formation are still not well understood. We added contrasting substrates (glucose, alanine and a mixture of glucose, alanine, and oxalic acid) into artificial soils of varying mineral composition (montmorillonite, kaolinite, and kaolinite plus goethite and hematite) for 12 weeks. We found that glucose led to 1.45 and 1.75 times more SOC formation than alanine and the mixed substrate, respectively. Montmorillonitebased soils gained approximately 1.3 times more SOC compared to the other two soils. Compared with kaolinite-only soils, the inclusion of goethite and hematite had a positive effect on total SOC, extracellular C and biologically stable C when amended with alanine, but a negative effect on these SOC fractions when amended with glucose. Soils with greater SOC formation were associated with high microbial C use efficiency (CUE) and extracellular C, suggesting that spatial allocation by the microbial biomass is pivotal for creating stable SOC. Fungi-dominated soils typically had a higher CUE, which was positively correlated with the formation of new SOC. These results suggest that the identity of plant inputs will have a strong bearing on the formation of SOC via interactions with the soil microbial community and soil mineralogy.
Soil organic matter; Artificial root exudates; Carbon use efficiency; Phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs); Microbial biomass; Soil mineralogy
2022, Volume: 414, article number: 115762
SDG15 Life on land