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Review article2022Peer reviewedOpen access

Impact of Climate Change on Dryland Agricultural Systems: A Review of Current Status, Potentials, and Further Work Need

Ahmed, Mukhtar; Hayat, Rifat; Ahmad, Munir; Ul-Hassan, Mahmood; Kheir, Ahmed M. S.; Ul-Hassan, Fayyaz; Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Habib; Shaheen, Farid Asif; Raza, Muhammad Ali; Ahmad, Shakeel

Abstract

Dryland agricultural system is under threat due to climate extremes and unsustainable management. Understanding of climate change impact is important to design adaptation options for dry land agricultural systems. Thus, the present review was conducted with the objectives to identify gaps and suggest technology-based intervention that can support dry land farming under changing climate. Careful management of the available agricultural resources in the region is a current need, as it will play crucial role in the coming decades to ensure food security, reduce poverty, hunger, and malnutrition. Technology based regional collaborative interventions among Universities, Institutions, Growers, Companies etc. for water conservation, supplemental irrigation, foliar sprays, integrated nutrient management, resilient crops-based cropping systems, artificial intelligence, and precision agriculture (modeling and remote sensing) are needed to support agriculture of the region. Different process-based models have been used in different regions around the world to quantify the impacts of climate change at field, regional, and national scales to design management options for dryland cropping systems. Modeling include water and nutrient management, ideotype designing, modification in tillage practices, application of cover crops, insect, and disease management. However, diversification in the mixed and integrated crop and livestock farming system is needed to have profitable, sustainable business. The main focus in this work is to recommend different agro-adaptation measures to be part of policies for sustainable agricultural production systems in future.

Keywords

Cropping systems; Climate change; Precision agriculture; Management options; Diversification

Published in

International Journal Of Plant Production
2022,
Publisher: SPRINGER

      SLU Authors

    • Ahmed, Mukhtar

      • Arid Agriculture University
      • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Plant Protection Network

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG1 No poverty
    SDG2 Zero hunger
    SDG13 Climate action

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
    Agricultural Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42106-022-00197-1

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/117408