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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Genome-Wide Association Study Identifies Two Loci for Stripe Rust Resistance in a Durum Wheat Panel from Iran

Mehrabi, Ali Ashraf; Steffenson, Brian J.; Pour-Aboughadareh, Alireza; Matny, Oadi; Rahmatov, Mahbubjon

Abstract

Stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst)) is one of the most devastating fungal diseases of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum Desf.). Races of Pst with new virulence combinations are emerging more regularly on wheat-growing continents, which challenges wheat breeding for resistance. This study aimed to identify and characterize resistance to Pst races based on a genome-wide association study. GWAS is an approach to analyze the associations between a genome-wide set of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and target phenotypic traits. A total of 139 durum wheat accessions from Iran were evaluated at the seedling stage against isolates Pstv-37 and Pstv-40 of Pst and then genotyped using a 15K SNP chip. In total, 230 significant associations were identified across 14 chromosomes, of which 30 were associated with resistance to both isolates. Furthermore, 17 durum wheat landraces showed an immune response against both Pst isolates. The SNP markers and resistant accessions identified in this study may be useful in programs breeding durum wheat for stripe rust resistance.

Keywords

durum wheat; stripe rust; Pstv-37 and Pstv-40 isolates; GWAS; SNP markers

Published in

Applied Sciences
2022, volume: 12, number: 10, article number: 4963
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Mehrabi, Ali Ashraf
Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)
Steffenson, Brian J.
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Pour-Aboughadareh, Alireza
Seed and Plant Improvement Institute
Matny, Oadi
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding

UKÄ Subject classification

Agricultural Science
Genetics and Breeding

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app12104963

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/117575