Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2021
Rising Atmospheric Temperature Impact on Wheat and Thermotolerance StrategiesKhan, Adeel; Ahmad, Munir; Ahmed, Mukhtar; Iftikhar Hussain, M.
AbstractTemperature across the globe is increasing continuously at the rate of 0.15-0.17 degrees C per decade since the industrial revolution. It is influencing agricultural crop productivity. Therefore, thermotolerance strategies are needed to have sustainability in crop yield under higher temperature. However, improving thermotolerance in the crop is a challenging task for crop scientists. Therefore, this review work was conducted with the aim of providing information on the wheat response in three research areas, i.e., physiology, breeding, and advances in genetics, which could assist the researchers in improving thermotolerance. The optimum temperature for wheat growth at the heading, anthesis, and grain filling duration is 16 +/- 2.3 degrees C, 23 +/- 1.75 degrees C, and 26 +/- 1.53 degrees C, respectively. The high temperature adversely influences the crop phenology, growth, and development. The pre-anthesis high temperature retards the pollen viability, seed formation, and embryo development. The post-anthesis high temperature declines the starch granules accumulation, stem reserve carbohydrates, and translocation of photosynthates into grains. A high temperature above 40 degrees C inhibits the photosynthesis by damaging the photosystem-II, electron transport chain, and photosystem-I. Our review work highlighted that genotypes which can maintain a higher accumulation of proline, glycine betaine, expression of heat shock proteins, stay green and antioxidant enzymes activity viz., catalase, peroxidase, super oxide dismutase, and glutathione reductase can tolerate high temperature efficiently through sustaining cellular physiology. Similarly, the pre-anthesis acclimation with heat treatment, inorganic fertilizer such as nitrogen, potassium nitrate and potassium chloride, mulches with rice husk, early sowing, presoaking of a 6.6 mM solution of thiourea, foliar application of 50 ppm dithiothreitol, 10 mg per kg of silicon at heading and zinc ameliorate the crop against the high temperature. Finally, it has been suggested that modern genomics and omics techniques should be used to develop thermotolerance in wheat.
Keywordsheat stress; photosynthesis; antioxidant enzymes; HSPs; QTLs; omics
2021, volume: 10, number: 1, article number: 43
Arid Agriculture University
Arid Agriculture University
Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
Hussain, M. Iftikhar
Universidade de Vigo
UKÄ Subject classification
URI (permanent link to this page)