Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2021

Simulation of water and chemical transport of chloride from the forest ecosystem to the stream

Zanchi, Giuliana; Yu, Lin; Akselsson, Cecilia; Bishop, Kevin; Kohler, Stephan; Olofsson, Jorgen; Belyazid, Salim


The study evaluates the biogeochemical model ForSAFE-2D, designed to simulate water and chemical transport from the forest to the stream, by simulating the hydrology and the transport of the chemical tracer chloride (Cl-) along a forest hillslope in Northern Sweden. The simulated Cl- exports were in balance with the simulated inputs but measurements suggested a net release of Cl- from the catchment. Underestimated deposition inputs (deposition peaks and possibly dry deposition) were probably and partially responsible for this mismatch. However, we could not exclude that other soil biogeochemical processes omitted in ForSAFE-2D could also contribute to Cl- exports from the catchment. The study showed that ForSAFE-2D is a promising tool to better understand the factors that regulate the chemical export from the forest to the stream. The results also confirmed that there are limitations in using Cl- as a tracer in forest ecosystems.


Dynamic ecosystem model; Chemical transport; Hydrology; Lateral flow; Forest hillslope; ForSAFE-2D

Published in

Environmental Modelling and Software
2021, volume: 138, article number: 104984

Authors' information

Zanchi, Giuliana
Lund University
Yu, Lin
Lund University
Akselsson, Cecilia
Lund University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Belyazid, Salim
Stockholm University

UKÄ Subject classification

Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)