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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Phone Camera Nano-Biosensor Using Mighty Sensitive Transparent Reusable Upconversion Paper

Kaur, Kamaljit; Sahu, Bandana Kumari; Swami, Kanchan; Chandel, Mahima; Gupta, Anshika; Zhu, Li-Hua; Youngblood, Jeffrey P.; Kanagarajan, Selvaraju; Shanmugam, Vijayakumar


Lycopene, a natural colorant and antioxidant with a huge growing market, is highly susceptible to photo/thermal degradation, which demands real-time sensors. Hence, here a transparent upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) strip having 30 mol % Yb, 0.1 mol % Tm, and beta-NaYF4 UCNPs, which shows an intense emission at 475 nm, has been developed. This strip has been found to be sensitive to lycopene with a detection limit as low as 10 nM using a smartphone camera, which is due to static quenching that is confirmed by the lifetime study. In comparison to previous paper strips, here the transparent strip has minimal scattering with maximum sensitivity in spite of not using any metal quenchers. An increase in strip hydrophobicity during the fabrication process complements the strip to selectively permeate and present an extraction-free substitute analysis for chromatography. Hydrophobicity endows the strip with the capability to reuse the strip with similar to 100% luminescence recovery.


UCNPs; sensing; lycopene; tomato; CNC film

Published in

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
2022, Volume: 14, number: 23, pages: 27507-27514

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