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Research article2022Peer reviewed

The longitudinal outcome of canine (K9) myxomatous mitral valve disease (LOOK-Mitral) registry: Baseline treatment characteristics

Franchini, A.; Borgarelli, M.; Abbott, J. A.; Menciotti, G.; Crosara, S.; Haggstrom, J.; Lahmers, S.; Rosenthal, S.; Tyrrell, W.


Objectives: To describe the medical treatment prescribed or modified by veterinary cardiologists at the enrollment visit in dogs included in the longitudinal outcome of canine (K9) myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) registry (LOOK-mitral registry) and to evaluate the influence of the EPIC trial and other selected variables on cardiologist prescription habits.Animals: The medical records of 6,102 dogs enrolled in the LOOK_mitral registry between 2015 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed and 6,016 dogs were included.Results: A medical treatment was prescribed by a cardiologist to 2,599 dogs (15% Stage-B1, 90% Stage-B2 and to all dogs in Stage-C). Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (Ace-i) were the treatment most commonly prescribed for dogs in StageB1 (n = 352, 9%). The combination of pimobendan and an Ace-i was the most common treatment in Stage-B2 dogs (n = 367, 41%). Furosemide, an Ace-i, and pimobendan was the most common cardiac medical treatment prescribed for ACVIM Stage-C dogs (n = 704, 57%). Within each stage, dogs with larger left atrial and left ventricular dimensions were more likely to receive Ace-i, pimobendan or spironolactone. There was a four-fold increase in pimobendan prescription in Stage-B2 dogs after the publication of the EPIC trial. Moreover, a 15% reduction in Ace-i prescription and a 30% reduction in spironolactone prescription occurred after EPIC.In 974 dogs, a medical treatment was prescribed by the referring veterinarian. This was not changed (12%), modified (74%), or discontinued (14%) by the cardiologist.Conclusions: The EPIC trial and the echocardiographic assessment of left atrial and ventricular dimensions influence cardiologists' prescription habits. (C) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Dog; Valve; Heart; Therapy; Heart failure

Published in

Journal of Veterinary Cardiology
2022, Volume: 41, pages: 99-120
Publisher: ELSEVIER

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Clinical Science

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