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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Nordic forest management towards climate change mitigation: time dynamic temperature change impacts of wood product systems including substitution effects

Schulte, Maximilian; Jonsson, Ragnar; Hammar, Torun; Stendahl, Johan; Hansson, Per-Anders


Climate change mitigation trade-offs between increasing harvests to exploit substitution effects versus accumulating forest carbon sequestration complicate recommendations for climate beneficial forest management. Here, a time dynamic assessment ascertains climate change mitigation potential from different rotation forest management alternatives across three Swedish regions integrating the forest decision support system Heureka RegWise with a wood product model using life cycle assessment data. The objective is to increase understanding on the climate effects of varying the forest management. Across all regions, prolonging rotations by 20% leads on average to the largest additional net climate benefit until 2050 in both, saved emissions and temperature cooling, while decreasing harvests by 20% leads to the cumulatively largest net climate benefits past 2050. In contrast, increasing harvests or decreasing the rotation period accordingly provokes temporally alternating net emissions, or slight net emission, respectively, regardless of a changing market displacement factor. However, future forest calamities might compromise potential additional temperature cooling from forests, while substitution effects, despite probable prospective decreases, require additional thorough and time explicit assessments, to provide more robust policy consultation.


Forest management; Climate effects; Forest-based bioeconomy; Sweden; Substitution effects

Published in

European Journal of Forest Research
2022, volume: 141, number: 5, pages: 845-863
Publisher: SPRINGER

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology
Hammar, Torun
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG13 Climate action

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science
Climate Research

Publication Identifiers


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