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Research article2022Peer reviewed

Expansion in host dynamics of peste des petits ruminants: Potential attribute of outbreaks in disease-endemic settings

Ul-Rahman, Aziz; Abubakar, Muhammad; Raza, Muhammad Asif; Wensman, Jonas Johansson


Since the first case report in 1942, the peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV) has been causing infection in a wide range of susceptible hosts, particularly in disease-endemic regions. In the last 40 years, various reports highlighted the evidence of disease and viral genome in around 46 animal species from nine diverse families, including Bovidae, Cervidae, Camelidae, Suidae, Canidae, Felidae, Muridae, and Elephantidae. This evidence of clinical and/ or subclinical infection and the presence of the virus in an extended range of susceptible hosts emphasizes the cross-species transmission that remains a significant obstacle to effective control, particularly in disease-endemic regions. Therefore, a better understanding of virus transmission, host susceptibility, and epidemiological investigation of the disease is crucial to achieving the goals of efficient disease control and eradication programs initiated by OIE and FAO in various diseases-endemic regions. Nevertheless, the propensity of PPRV to inter- and intra-transmission may be a possible constraint in disease control strategies in terms of the new outbreak with the involvement of unusual or novel hosts. Considering this aspect, we tried to summarize the scattered data on PPR in available information about the susceptibility of a wide range of wildlife species, large ruminants, camels, and unusual hosts.


Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus; Susceptible hosts; Endemic regions

Published in

Acta Tropica
2022, Volume: 234, article number: 106609
Publisher: ELSEVIER

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Clinical Science

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