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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Quantitative trait loci mapping reveals an oligogenic architecture of a rapidly adapting trait during the European invasion of common ragweed

Prapas, Diana; Scalone, Romain; Lee, Jacqueline; Nurkowski, Kristin A.; Bou-assi, Sarah; Rieseberg, Loren; Battlay, Paul; Hodgins, Kathryn A.

Abstract

Biological invasions offer a unique opportunity to investigate evolution over contemporary timescales. Rapid adaptation to local climates during range expansion can be a major determinant of invasion success, yet fundamental questions remain about its genetic basis. This study sought to investigate the genetic basis of climate adaptation in invasive common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia). Flowering time adaptation is key to this annual species' invasion success, so much so that it has evolved repeated latitudinal clines in size and phenology across its native and introduced ranges despite high gene flow among populations. Here, we produced a high-density linkage map (4493 SNPs) and paired this with phenotypic data from an F2 mapping population (n = 336) to identify one major and two minor quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying flowering time and height differentiation in this species. Within each QTL interval, several candidate flowering time genes were also identified. Notably, the major flowering time QTL detected in this study was found to overlap with a previously identified haploblock (putative inversion). Multiple genetic maps of this region identified evidence of suppressed recombination in specific genotypes, consistent with inversions. These discoveries support the expectation that a concentrated genetic architecture with fewer, larger, and more tightly linked alleles should underlie rapid local adaptation during invasion, particularly when divergently adapting populations experience high levels of gene flow.

Keywords

Ambrosia artemisiifolia; flowering time; genetic map; haploblocks; quantitative trait loci

Published in

Evolutionary applications
2022, volume: 15, number: 8, pages: 1249-1263
Publisher: WILEY

Authors' information

Prapas, Diana
Monash University
Scalone, Romain
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Crop Production Ecology
Scalone, Romain
Geisenheim University
Lee, Jacqueline
Monash University
Nurkowski, Kristin A.
Monash University
Nurkowski, Kristin A.
University of British Columbia
Bou-assi, Sarah
Monash University
Rieseberg, Loren
University of British Columbia
Battlay, Paul
Monash University
Hodgins, Kathryn A.
Monash University

UKÄ Subject classification

Evolutionary Biology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.13453

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/118761