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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2008

Inheritance and genetic gain in wood stiffness in radiata pine assessed acoustically in young standing trees

Matheson, A. C.; Gapare, W. J.; Ilic, J.; Wu, H. X.


Wood stiffness, measured in terms of its modulus of elasticity (MoE) is an important characteristic of radiata pine for structural products. To select high stiffness radiata pine for breeding purpose, rapid, inexpensive methods for measuring wood stiffness are desirable. In this study, we explored acoustic instruments to measure stiffness of young standing trees in radiata pine and examined inheritance and genetic gain for stiffness in an Australian national breeding program. nine of flight of sound waves was recorded in standing trees in two progeny trials, one in eastern Victoria (Flynn) aged 8 years and the other in South Australia (Kromelite) aged 7 years. Average time of flight at Kromelite was higher than at Flynn, (519 mu s/metre compared to 463 mu s/metre) which corresponds to 3.7 GPa and 4.7 GPa for MoE, respectively. Heritability for time of flight was higher at Flynn (h(2) = 0.67 +/- 0.10) than at Kromelite (h(2) = 0.30 +/- 0.14). Selection of the best 10% for time of flight based on pooled data would result in 21% genetic gain in wood stiffness.


wood stiffness; acoustics; heritability; genetic gain; radiata pine

Published in

Silvae Genetica
2008, Volume: 57, number: 2, pages: 56-64

    SLU Authors

    • Wu, Harry

      • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication Identifiers


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