Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Genetic diversity in gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa), as estimated with SSR markers

Nordlander, Josefine; af Satra, Jonas Skytte; Mattisson, Helena; Udovychenko, Kateryna; Lushpigan, Olga; Lose, Lasse; Naess, Hans; Leino, Matti; Hjalmarsson, Inger; Garkava-Gustavsson, Larisa;

Abstract

European gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa L.) is a popular berry crop in many European countries, including Sweden, Denmark and Ukraine. There is no active gooseberry breeding programme in either Sweden or Denmark, but a successful programme is operating in Ukraine. In Sweden and Denmark, research on gooseberries is primarily focused on collection and phenotypic evaluation of genetic resources. As part of these activities, a large number of inventory finds have been collected but have not yet been characterised morphologically or molecularly. The goal of this study was thus to characterise gooseberry germplasm with 15 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. From 242 accessions analysed, 153 unique genotypes were identified. Cultivars that have been in widespread cultivation in Sweden, such as the Finnish cultivars 'Hinnonma & BULL;en Keltainen' and 'Hinnonma & BULL;en Punainen', had relatively large numbers of synonymous samples. While many inventory finds were identifiable as synonyms of known cultivars, several were found to constitute unique genotypes within the germplasm studied. The studied genotypes clustered relatively well in three posterior groups, consisting of cultivars originating before and after the American gooseberry mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae) outbreak around 1900 and cultivars originating from the territory of the former Soviet Union. A fourth genetic cluster consisting mainly of inventory finds from central and northern Sweden was also identified. In addition, it was possible to verify recorded and stipulated parentages for some of the cultivars studied and to identify three likely parent-parent-child trios. Thus, inventories of local gooseberry germplasm and a subsequent genotyping proved successful in finding unique local genotypes, with potential local adaptation. The data obtained provide a foundation for future studies of gooseberry genetic re-sources, while also illustrating the importance of a well-curated and phenotypically characterised set of reference cultivars for future studies.

Keywords

Gooseberry; Ribes; Genetic diversity; Gene bank; Heirloom cultivars

Published in

Scientia Horticulturae

2022, volume: 306, article number: 111438
Publisher: ELSEVIER

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Skytte af Sätra, Jonas (Skytte Af Sätra, Jonas)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding
Udovychenko, Kateryna
National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
Lushpigan, Olga
National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
Lose, Lasse
University of Copenhagen
Naess, Hans
Kalrotsakademien
Leino, Matti
Stockholm University
Hjalmarsson, Inger
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Breeding

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger

UKÄ Subject classification

Horticulture

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2022.111438

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/119030