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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Carrying out a multi-model integrated assessment of European energy transition pathways: Challenges and benefits

Gardumi, F.; Keppo, I; Howells, M.; Pye, S.; Avgerinopoulos, G.; Lekavicius, V; Galinis, A.; Martisauskas, L.; Fahl, U.; Korkmaz, P.; Schmid, D.; Montenegro, R. Cunha; Syri, S.; Hast, A.; Mortberg, U.; Balyk, O.; Karlsson, K.; Pang, X.; Mozgeris, G.; Trubins, R.;
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Abstract

With the publication of the European Green Deal, the European Union has committed to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050. The envisaged reductions of direct greenhouse gases emissions are seen as technically feasible, but if a wrong path is pursued, significant unintended impacts across borders, sectors, societies and ecosystems may follow. Without the insights gained from an impact assessment framework reaching beyond the techno-economic perspective, the pursuit of direct emission reductions may lead to counterproductive outcomes in the long run. We discuss the opportunities and challenges related to the creation and use of an integrated assessment framework built to inform the European Commission on the path to decarbonisation. The framework is peculiar in that it goes beyond existing ones in its scope, depth and cross-scale coverage, by use of numerous specialised models and case studies. We find challenges of consistency that can be overcome by linking modelling tools iteratively in some cases, harmonising modelling assumptions in others, comparing model outputs in others. We find the highest added value of the framework in additional insights it provides on the technical feasibility of decarbonisation pathways, on vulnerability aspects and on unintended environmental and health impacts on national and sub-national scale.(c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Keywords

Decarbonisation pathways; Impact assessment; Modelling framework; European green deal

Published in

Energy

2022, volume: 258, article number: 124329
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

Authors' information

Gardumi, F.
Royal Institute of Technology
Keppo, I
University of London
Keppo, I
Aalto University
Howells, M.
Loughborough University
Howells, M.
Imperial College London
Pye, S.
University of London
Avgerinopoulos, G.
Royal Institute of Technology
Lekavicius, V
Lithuanian Energy Institute
Galinis, A.
Lithuanian Energy Institute
Martisauskas, L.
Lithuanian Energy Institute
Fahl, U.
University of Stuttgart
Korkmaz, P.
University of Stuttgart
Schmid, D.
University of Stuttgart
Montenegro, R. Cunha
University of Stuttgart
Syri, S.
Aalto University
Hast, A.
Royal Institute of Technology
Mortberg, U.
Royal Institute of Technology
Balyk, O.
University College Cork
Karlsson, K.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute
Pang, X.
Royal Institute of Technology
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Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

UKÄ Subject classification

Energy Systems

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.124329

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/119033